No two patients are alike so treatment options vary between couples, but many couples benefit from fertility drugs. Infertility often results from hormone imbalances. Fertility drugs restore reproductive hormones to therapeutic levels. Taking these drugs also seems to help even when doctors cannot determine the cause of infertility. Fertility drugs can be used alongside other infertility treatments to optimize results.
Sometimes the sperm just needs a little help getting to the egg. During the artificial insemination procedure, the doctor places a concentrated dose of sperm in the uterus at the right time to improve the odds of getting pregnant.
Advancing reproductive technology, like that provided by Dr. J. David Edwards, helps couples get pregnant. Women with blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, fibroid tumors, ovarian cysts or some types of genetic defects may benefits from surgery. In many cases, however, surgery is not necessary and pregnancy can be achieved with other treatment options.
When other treatments have failed, or in cases of low sperm count or block fallopian tubes, hi-tech procedures, known as assisted reproductive technology, can help. These procedures include in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection or ICSI, and, in rare cases, gamete intrafallopian transfer or GIFT, or zygote intrafallopian transfer or ZIFT. Without these advanced options, some women resort to using an egg donor or a surrogate mother.
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